The Biblical Concept of the Triune God, Part I: The Father is God

Last year, I was having a conversation with a Jehovah’s Witness family member. Of course, the Trinity was the main topic of our discussion. This sparked me to do the following research.

This is not a techincal dissertation. This is the result of my findings as I looked through the Bible to see where I can find passages relating to the Trinity or to the Deity of the Three Persons. What resulted strengthened my faith in a tremendous way. I come from this study now more than ever convinced that the Bible doesn’t just imply a Triune God, but the Word of God overwhelmingly declares the concept of the Trinity!

After sifting through the works of atheists, skeptics, liberals, Unitarians, and other antitrinitarians, I had to admit I was feeling a bit weak in my mind that the Trinity was biblical. It’s the kind of doubt that we all have from time to time when we are challenged (if we’re honest enough to admit it). That’s why I feel it is helpful sometimes to put away all the other books and pick up the Bible and search it out. Here is the result of my studies. It is hopefully simple, and I’d like to use it to teach one day so please comment if you can.

The Father is God

It doesn’t take too much to prove that the Father is taught to be God in scripture. Here are some examples and a brief survey of Who the Father is.

1. Verses of Scripture explicitly stating the Father’s Deity:

Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. (John 6:27)

And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:11)

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. (I Peter 1:2)

These verses are only a few in the New Testament that refer to the Person of God the Father. Many times, the generic term “God” or “Lord” is used. Specifically, God “the Father” is a term used to denote the specific Person of the Father. This reveals that the Father is a distinct Person. He is not the Son, nor is He the Spirit, yet they three are one (I John 5:7). His title alone tells of His Deity.

2. Verses revealing the Father’s relationship to the Son:

 

Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. (Matthew 7:21)

“My Father which is in heaven” is distinct from the Son, Who is the Door into heaven itself (John 10:9). The only Way to the Father is through the Son (John 14:6). However, Jesus says not everyone that says “Lord” will enter heaven unless they do the will of the Father. What is the will of the Father? People must enter into heaven His way. Hebrews 10:9-10 says that God’s will was that through Jesus’ death we may be sanctified. II Peter 3:9 says that God’s will is that all should come to repentance. Therefore, the will of the Father is that people will come to Him through Jesus Christ alone. It is amazing how, as distinct Persons, both the Father and the Son are needed for salvation, yet ultimately He is one God. One cannot have the Son without the Father or vice versa (I John 2:23; 5:12,20; II John 1:9).

Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven. (Matthew 10:32-33)

“Confess” means to agree with. When someone confesses Christ, they agree with God about who he is – a sinner – and Who Christ is. God is so holy and far removed from sin that He cannot justify a sinner by confessing him. In His great mercy, however, God became a man so that He may be the Daysman, or Mediator, between God and man (Job 9:33; I Timothy 2:5). Because of Who He is and what He has done, only the Lord Jesus has the capability to confess repentant sinners to His Father. God Himself became our Mediator!

But he answered and said, Every plant, which my Heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. (Matthew 15:13)

So likewise shall my Heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses. (Matthew 18:35)

Jesus calling God His Heavenly Father wonderfully illustrates the relationship the Father and Son enjoy. As unfathomable as it may seem, God has chosen to express His nature in terms that we can understand – Father and Son. It is evident, then, that they are indeed distinct Persons.

Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort. (II Corinthians 1:3)

Several times in the New Testament, the expression “the Father of our Lord Jesus”, or something similar, is found (Romans 15:6; Ephesians 1:17; 3:14; Colossians 1:3). Again, this shows the distinction as well as the relationship between the two Persons. To know that God, as a Father, gave His only begotten Son (John 3:16) to die for sinners is an extraordinary truth that intensifies the significance of God’s great Sacrifice of love.

3. The Fathership of God Expounded:

A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation. (Psalm 68:5)

He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. (Psalm 89:26)

Like as a father pitieth his children, so the LORD pitieth them that fear him. (Psalm 103:13)

For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth. (Proverbs 3:12)

The Old Testament is decorated with the wonderful truth of God’s fathership. However, the fullness of God’s fathership is hardly realized throughout the chronicles of His people. One thing is keeping this relationship severed – sin (Isaiah 59:2).

But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: (John 1:12)

The difference with the New Covenant is that through Jesus, and only through Jesus, can the fullness of God’s fathership be realized in the life of an individual.

Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. (Matthew 5:16)

Now those who have become the sons of God have the privilege of living their lives for Him.

Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom. (Luke 12:32)

God, as a Father, delights in giving to His children.

For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. (Hebrews 12:6)

A good father’s characteristics and works yield delight as well as reverence. The Bible continues to declare that God’s chastening is a proof of being His child.

Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. (I John 3:1)

The adoption of sons by God is an incredible doctrine on which the content of this study provides little room to elaborate. To think that the Creator God would not only save sinners from sin and hell but adopt them as His own children baffles the mind. His Word, however, reveals that this indeed is the truth (John 1:12; Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:5; Ephesians 1:5). This world has been blessed with great fathers, but none have ever compared to the faithfulness, love, mercy, and parental qualities as God the Father. Only God can be the perfect Father.

Part II: Jesus is God

Part III: The Holy Spirit is God

Part IV: The Trinity in Scripture

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5 comments so far

  1. Freddy on

    Dear Brother In Christ Jesus:

    May the peace of our Lord and Savior and God Almighty Jesus Christ be with you, and with your loved ones!

    While it is true that you have found many versus that speak to the “Father” being who he is, I am not sure if you understand that what the Unitatians say (and who are perhaps one – if not the – more convincing of all the groups you’ve mentioned on your write-up about “The Biblical Concept of the Triune God, Part I: The Father is God”) is Jesus not being GOD! This is what has to be proven to many today and it is proven in the Bible – beyond any reasonable doubt! – that by virtue of Jesus Christ being able to forgive SINS (as we see him do with the adulterous woman) and how he himself took his OWN life only to resurrect on the third day, and that in many passages it is mentioned of him (both in the Old Test. and New Test.) as being the same Jehova-God, but having incarnated as a man, he Jesus, now sits at the right-hand of the Father as KING of KINGS and LORD of LORDS!

    Like you, I too, have been reading books, articles and especially about those who are against the Trinity of GOD, and I second what you said about feeling as if my faith was challenged (so to speak). However, after searching and reding the Scriptures, I am even now (like you said) more convinced (not to be redundant, but beyond any reasonable doubt!) that Jesus and Jehova GOD is the SAME person! And of course the Holy Spririt is the third person who demonstrates through scriptures having its own will and feelings, and emotions, but the Unitatians and the alike have made a mock of HIM, and of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, by them saying Jesus was/is a simple good “man” who became a great prophet, yada, yada, yada. My question to you is: Who do you say is JESUS – is he infact your GOD???

    My e-mail is fmorrobel@yahoo.com if you want to continue this discussion. I exhort you to continue in your wisdom in asking GOD to fill you with his Spirit of knowledge and for you to understand Holy Scriptures yet even more than what youv’e came to discover about the Father, and to see that JESUS IS LORD (our GOD)!

    Be blessed,

    Freddy

  2. damienthomas on

    Just wondering if you read the other parts before commenting….Part II deals with Jesus as God, Part III the Holy Spirit, and Part IV the Trinity as a whole.

    But thank you for your comment. God bless

  3. Freddy on

    Yes – I certainly did and was very glad to have read what you wrote – – JESUS IS (indeed) GOD!!! I apologize if my earlier comment was misconstrued. Thank you for being supportive in your comment and please keep up the good work in our Lord Jesus!

    And until we meet in His 2nd Coming ….

    God Bless U!

  4. Brad Canelo on

    The BIBLE is a man-made BOOK of religious beliefs……not one man has ever heard the voice of GOD for GOD is a SPIRIT and these relegious freaks are hellbent on only one thing……greed !!! They make money off this book they call ‘THE BIBLE’…………….


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